Demographics (see data for this topic)
- Websites with Related Information
- Child Trends
- Health Equity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Healthy People 2020: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services
- Healthy People 2020: Social Determinants of Health, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services
- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth: Professional Resource Brief, National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health
- Life Course and Social Determinants: Professional Resource Brief, National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health
- Opportunity Insights
- Pew Research Center: Social & Demographic Trends
- Public Policy Institute of California: Population
- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Knowledge Path, National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health
- Urban Institute
- Key Reports and Research
- ¿Cómo Están los Niños?: The Health of Latino Children and Families in California, 2014, Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health and The Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative
- California's Future, 2018, Public Policy Institute of California
- Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity, 2017, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
- Demographic Trends of Children of Immigrants, 2016, Urban Institute, Woods, T., & Hanson, D.
- Dramatic Increase in the Proportion of Births Outside of Marriage in the United States from 1990 to 2016, 2018, Child Trends, Wildsmith, E., et al.
- How the U.S. Hispanic Population Is Changing, 2017, Pew Research Center, Flores, A.
- Human Services for Low-Income and At-Risk LGBT Populations: An Assessment of the Knowledge Base and Research Needs, 2015, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Burwick, A., et al.
- Intergenerational Payoffs of Education, 2014, The Future of Children, Kaushal, N.
- Key Facts About Asian Americans, a Diverse and Growing Population, 2017, Pew Research Center, Lopez, G., et al.
- LGBTQ Youth in California’s Public Schools: Differences Across the State, 2017, The Williams Institute, Choi, S. K., et al.
- Race and Economic Opportunity in the United States: An Intergenerational Perspective, 2018, Equality of Opportunity Project, Chetty, R., et al.
- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Health and Health Care of Children, 2013, Pediatrics, Flores, G., & American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Pediatric Research
- The Landscape of Opportunity: Cultivating Health Equity In California, 2016, California Pan-Ethnic Health Network
- The New Importance of Children in America, 2017, Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health & Children’s Hospital Association, Myers, D.
- Time to Act: Investing in the Health of Our Children and Communities, 2014, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America
- Understanding the Environmental Contexts of Boys and Young Men of Color, 2015, Urban Institute, Rawlings, L. A.
- County/Regional Reports
- 2014 Solano Children's Report Card, Children's Network of Solano County
- 2017 Wellbeing Index Findings Summary, City of Santa Monica & RAND Corporation
- A Portrait of Sonoma County: Sonoma County Human Development Report 2014, Measure of America, Burd-Sharps, S., & Lewis, K.
- Birth Trends and Family Demographics Across Los Angeles County: How They Are Changing and Why It Matters, 2017, Children's Data Network, USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, McCroskey, J., et al.
- Key Indicators of Health by Service Planning Area, 2017, Los Angeles County Dept. of Public Health
- Santa Monica Youth Wellbeing Report Card, Santa Monica Cradle to Career
- The 24th Annual Report on the Conditions of Children in Orange County, 2018, Orange County Children's Partnership
- The Generational Future of Los Angeles: Projections to 2030 and Comparisons to Recent Decades, 2013, USC Population Dynamics Research Group, Myers, D., & Pitkin, J.
- More Data Sources For Demographics
- California Health and Human Services Open Data Portal, California Health and Human Services Agency
- California Health Interview Survey, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
- California School Climate, Health, and Learning Surveys Data Dashboard, WestEd & California Dept. of Education
- Child Trends Databank: Parental Education
- Childstats.gov, Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics
- KIDS COUNT Data Center, Annie E. Casey Foundation
- Migration Data Hub, Migration Policy Institute
- The PRIDE Study, University of California at San Francisco
- U.S. Census Bureau: American FactFinder
Learn More About This Topic
- Why This Topic Is Important
Child population trends help project potential needs for education, child care, health care, and other services for children (1). Nationwide, the child population is projected to grow from its current 73.7 million to about 76.3 million in 2030 (1). Trends also show that by 2050, the U.S. child population will be roughly 32% Hispanic/Latino compared to 39% white (1). In California, Hispanics/Latinos already are the largest racial/ethnic group in the child population, accounting for 51% of children under 18 (2). Understanding the demographic composition of the child population provides important insight into the needs of children today and can guide investments that will best support American youth in the future.For more information about demographics, see kidsdata.org’s Research & Links section.
Sources for this narrative:
1. Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (2016). Demographic background. In America’s children in brief: Key national indicators of well-being, 2016. Retrieved from: http://www.childstats.gov/americaschildren/demo.asp
2. As cited on kidsdata.org, Child population, by race/ethnicity. (2016). California Department of Finance. Retrieved from: http://www.dof.ca.gov/Forecasting/Demographics/Projections
- How Children Are Faring
The total number of children in California, 9.1 million in 2016, has shifted in the last 20 years from a low of 9 million in 1995 to a high of about 9.5 million in the mid-2000s. The birth rate per 1,000 women ages 15-44 also has fluctuated from a high of 76 births per 1,000 women in 1995 to a low of 63 per 1,000 in 2013, the most recent year with data. Between 2000 and 2007, the percentage of births to unmarried women in California and the U.S. generally rose, but in recent years the rate has leveled off at about 40%. Children under age 18 comprise 23% of the state's population compared with 28% in 1995. About one-fourth of California's 9.1 million children live in Los Angeles County. San Diego, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Santa Clara counties have the next largest child populations. Though these six counties are home to nearly 60% of the state’s child population, counties such as Tulare, Kern, Merced, Yuba, and Colusa have the highest proportions of children within the population, at around 30%.
Hispanic/Latino children make up the largest racial/ethnic group among the state’s child population; 51% of California children are Hispanic/Latino (up from 41% in 1995), and 27% are white (down from 40% in 1995). An estimated 11% of California children are Asian American, 5% are African American/black, almost 5% are multiracial, and less than 1% are American Indian/Alaska Native or Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander.
Since 2000, the racial/ethnic makeup of the public school population in California has changed. Consistent with child population trends at the state level, African American/black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and white student representation has been declining, while Hispanic/Latino student representation has been steadily increasing. Between 2000 and 2016, Filipino, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and Asian/Asian American student representation remained relatively steady.
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