Child and Family Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic provides quick access to data available on kidsdata.org that describe life disruptions as well as emotional and behavioral consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The data help measure the impact of the pandemic on children and caregivers, builds understanding of how families are faring, and suggests where support might be most needed.
Access data on the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on critical areas of children’s health and well-being:
- Education, Health Care, and Social Activities
- Supportive Services
- Positive Childhood Experiences
- Adverse Childhood Experiences
- Child and Caregiver Safety
- Economic Security*
- Emotional and Behavioral Health*
- Caring for Children with Special Health Care Needs*
*Data coming soon
Data are available for California and seven regions within California. At the state level, findings are broken down by family income level, race/ethnicity, and the presence of a child with special health care needs in the household. Visit the topic summary page for more information and links to additional research.
Data will be released as they become available. Sign up to receive KidsData News and data alerts for all the latest updates.
About the Data Source
The data come from a national questionnaire covering a wide range of content areas to help inform on the impact of the pandemic. The questionnaire, Family Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic, was designed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Prevent Child Abuse America (PCAA), and Tufts Medical Center, Healthy Outcomes from Positive Experiences (HOPE). Findings from the questionnaire are intended to inform experts at AAP, CDC, PCAA, and HOPE on the effects of the pandemic on families and help them produce resources for medical practitioners, caregivers, and others.
In California, the Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health (LPFCH) and the California Department of Public Health Essentials for Childhood Initiative (EfC) led by the California Department of Public Health, Injury and Violence Prevention Branch and California Department of Social Services, Office of Child Abuse Prevention, funded an oversample of the questionnaire to produce findings at the sub-state level and about children with special health care needs. Findings will inform policy makers, program leaders, advocates, and others about how experiences varied within California and to what extent families with children with special health care needs faced greater challenges.
Questionnaire Development and Administration
Researchers and subject matter experts, with input from families, guided questionnaire development. Many questions were derived from established surveys including the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the National Survey of Children’s Health.
The questionnaire was administered by YouGov.com, a data analytics company. Respondents were recruited from an internet panel of over two million U.S. panelists. Panelist recruitment has been designed to achieve a sample representative of demographics reported by U.S. Census data. The questionnaire was administered from November 9 to December 11, 2020 and will be administered two more times in the coming months.
In California, 1,526 parents and caregivers who had at least one child under age 18 in the household responded to the questionnaire. Of those, 29% had at least one child with a special health care need in the household. Children with special health care needs have or are at increased risk for a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional condition and require health and related services of a type or amount beyond that required by children generally.
Just over half of respondents were female (54%) and most were married or in a domestic partnership (69%). Nearly half of respondents were Hispanic (49%), while 28% were white, 9% were Asian, 5% were Black, and 2% were Native American. About the same percentage of respondents had a high school diploma (30%), attended some college or had a two-year degree (29%), or had a four-year or post-graduate degree (30%), while 12% of respondents did not have a high school diploma. Also, about equal shares of respondents reported family incomes under $30,000 (28%) and incomes $100,000 and above (25%). All data were weighted to reflect caregivers for children under age 18 in California.
Data on Family Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Education, Health Care, and Social Activities
- Children’s School Arrangement
- School Closure During Pandemic
- Positive but Stressful Experiences Helping Children with Schoolwork
- Positive and Stressful Experiences Helping Children with Schoolwork, by Type
- Disruptions to Children’s Activities, by Type
- Cancelation of Children’s Informal Social Activities
- Postponement of Young Children’s Vaccinations
- Use of Social Safety Net Resources Before and During Pandemic
- Use of CalFresh Before and During Pandemic
- Use of Food Bank Services Before and During Pandemic
- Use of Free or Reduced Price School Meals Before and During Pandemic
- Use of Public Health Insurance Before and During Pandemic
- Use of WIC Program Before and During Pandemic
Positive Childhood Experiences
- Activities with Children in Past Week
- Outdoor Activities with Children in Past Week
- Reading with Children in Past Week
- Daily Opportunities for Children to Have Fun
- Caring Adults Outside of the Home
- People with Whom Children Spent Four or More Hours Weekly Before Pandemic
- People with Whom Children Spent Four or More Hours in Past Week
Child and Caregiver Safety
Adverse Childhood Experiences
- Adverse Childhood Experiences, by Number
- Adverse Childhood Experiences, by Type
- Adverse Childhood Experiences (Caregiver Retrospective), by Number
Posted by kidsdata.org