Child and Family Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic provides quick access to data available on KidsData.org that describe life disruptions as well as emotional and behavioral consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The data help measure the pandemic’s impact on children and caregivers, builds understanding of how families are faring, and suggests where support might be most needed.
Access data on the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on critical areas of children’s health and well-being:
- Education, Health Care, and Social Activities
- Economic Security
- Supportive Services
- Emotional and Behavioral Health
- Child and Caregiver Safety
- Adverse Childhood Experiences
- Positive Childhood Experiences
- Caring for Children With Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN)
Data are available for California and seven regions within California. At the state level, findings are broken down by family income level, race/ethnicity, and the presence of a child with special health care needs in the household. Visit the topic summary page for more information and links to additional research.
These data are from the first two of three waves of a questionnaire. Sign up to receive KidsData News and data alerts for all the latest updates.
Caregivers Share Their Thoughts
Caregivers responding to the Child and Family Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic questionnaire reflected on caring for their children during the pandemic.
“I feel like I have become more loving, considerate, and patient with my children. The need to stay home has helped us create structure. I thought I was going to get irritated by having my kids home with me all the time, but it’s really been the opposite.”
“I’ve had to let go of a lot of expectations and have really learned what is important.”
“The biggest issue is protecting my child from my own anxiety and worries. She’s young enough that her daily life isn’t too disrupted but old enough to know the grownups are upset.”
About the Data Source
The data come from a national questionnaire covering a wide range of content areas to help inform on the impact of the pandemic. The questionnaire, Family Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic, was designed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Prevent Child Abuse America (PCAA), and Tufts Medical Center, Healthy Outcomes from Positive Experiences (HOPE). Findings from the questionnaire are intended to inform experts at AAP, CDC, PCAA, and HOPE on the pandemic’s effects on families and help them produce resources for medical practitioners, caregivers, and others.
In California, the Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health (LPFCH) and the California Department of Public Health Essentials for Childhood Initiative (EfC) led by the California Department of Public Health, Injury and Violence Prevention Branch and the California Department of Social Services, Office of Child Abuse Prevention, funded an oversample of the questionnaire to produce findings at the sub-state level and about children with special health care needs. Findings will inform policy makers, program leaders, advocates, and others about how experiences varied within California and to what extent families with children with special health care needs faced greater challenges.
The first wave of the questionnaire was administered in California from Nov. 9, 2020, to Dec. 11, 2020. The second wave was administered from March 22, 2021, to April 12, 2021. It will be administered one more time in the coming months.
To learn more about the development of the questionnaire and to see national-level findings, see Family Snapshots: Life During the Pandemic on the American Academy of Pediatrics website.
In California, wave one includes 1,526 parents and caregivers who had at least one child under age 18 in the household, and wave two includes 1,520 parents and caregivers. In wave one, 29% of respondents had at least one child with a special health care need in the household, and in wave 2, it was 35%. Children with special health care needs have or are at increased risk for a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional condition and require health and related services of a type or amount beyond that required by children generally.
Demographics are similar in each wave. In wave 1, just over half of respondents were female (54%) and most were married or in a domestic partnership (69%). Nearly half of respondents were Hispanic (49%), while 28% were white, 9% were Asian, 5% were Black, and 2% were Native American. About the same percentage of respondents had a high school diploma (30%), attended some college or had a two-year degree (29%), or had a four-year or post-graduate degree (30%), while 12% of respondents did not have a high school diploma. About equal shares of respondents reported family incomes under $30,000 (28%) and incomes $100,000 and above (25%). In each wave, all data were weighted to reflect caregivers for children under age 18 in California.
The webinar, “Family Experiences During COVID-19 Pandemic Data,” features an overview of the questionnaire and covers national and California-level findings from presenters, Drs. Robert Sege from the HOPE Project at Tufts Medical Center and Lori Turk-Bicakci from the KidsData program. The webinar was sponsored by the California Department of Public Health, Injury and Violence Prevention Branch and the California Department of Social Services, Office of Child Abuse Prevention’s Essentials for Childhood Initiative. The recording and slides are available.
Data on Family Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Education, Health Care, and Social Activities
- Children’s School Arrangement
- School Closure During Pandemic
- Positive but Stressful Experiences Helping Children with Schoolwork
- Positive and Stressful Experiences Helping Children with Schoolwork, by Type
- Concern That Children Are Falling Behind at School
- Disruptions to Children’s Activities, by Type
- Cancelation of Children’s Informal Social Activities
- Postponement of Young Children’s Vaccinations
- Caregiver’s Employment Status
- Change in Caregiver’s Employment During Pandemic
- Reduction in Caregiver’s Working Hours to Care for Children or Others
- Change in Household Financial Situation During Pandemic
- Use of Social Safety Net Resources Before and During Pandemic
- Use of CalFresh Before and During Pandemic
- Use of Food Bank Services Before and During Pandemic
- Use of Free or Reduced Price School Meals Before and During Pandemic
- Use of Public Health Insurance Before and During Pandemic
- Use of WIC Program Before and During Pandemic
Emotional and Behavioral Health
- Feelings of Anger Towards Children in Past Week
- Feelings of Closeness to Children During Pandemic
- Caregiver Confidence in Ability to Control Important Things During Pandemic
- Caregiver Feelings of Stress and Accumulating Difficulties During Pandemic
- Caregiver Self-Care Activities in Response to Stress in Past Month
- Caregiver Substance Use in Response to Stress in Past Month
- People from Whom Caregiver Sought Support in Past Month
- Change in Race/Ethnicity Discrimination Against Caregiver During Pandemic
- Change in Sexual Orientation Discrimination Against Caregiver During Pandemic
Child and Caregiver Safety
Adverse Childhood Experiences
- Adverse Childhood Experiences, by Number
- Adverse Childhood Experiences, by Type
- Adverse Childhood Experiences (Caregiver Retrospective), by Number
Positive Childhood Experiences
- Activities with Children in Past Week
- Outdoor Activities with Children in Past Week
- Reading with Children in Past Week
- Daily Opportunities for Children to Have Fun
- Caring Adults Outside of the Home
- People with Whom Children Spent Four or More Hours Weekly Before Pandemic
- People with Whom Children Spent Four or More Hours in Past Week
Caring for Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN)
- Care Provided to Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) in Past Week
- Services Accessed to Support Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Before Pandemic
- Services Accessed to Support Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) During Pandemic
- Positive but Stressful Experiences Helping Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) with Medical Care (California Only)
- Positive and Stressful Experiences Helping Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) with Medical Care, by Type (California Only)
- Overwhelming Demands of Caring for Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Before Pandemic
- Overwhelming Demands of Caring for Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) During Pandemic
Posted by kidsdata.org