On kidsdata.org, demographic information includes the following:
Birth Rate per 1,000 Women Ages 15-44 (General Fertility Rate)
Births, by Race/Ethnicity (total number and percentage of births)
Child Population (available for all counties):
by Age and Gender
by Race/Ethnicity (data are not comparable before and after 2000, due to racial classification changes)
by City, School District, and County (65,000 Residents or More), as single-year estimates
by City, School District, and County (20,000 Residents or More), as 3-year estimates
by City, School District, and County (10,000 Residents or More), as 5-year estimates
by Legislative District, as 5-year estimates
by Rural and Urban Areas (State Only)
Public School Enrollment, Overall and by Race/Ethnicity
Child population trends help project potential needs for education, child care, health care, and other services for children (1). Nationwide, the child population is projected to grow from its current 75 million to about 78 million in 2015 (1). Trends also show that by 2050, Latinos/Hispanics will have replaced White, non-Hispanics as the largest racial/ethnic group of children in the U.S. (1). This is already true in California where, as of 2010, Latino/Hispanic children accounted for 51.6% of children under 18 (2). Understanding the demographic composition of the child population provides important insight into the needs of children today and can guide investments that will best support American youth in the future.
For more information about demographics, see kidsdata.org’s Research & Links section.
Sources for this narrative:
- Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (2011). America’s children: Key national indicators of well-being, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.childstats.gov/americaschildren/demo.asp
- State of California, Department of Finance. (2010). Estimates of race/ethnic population with age and gender detail, 2000-2010. As cited on www.kidsdata.org, a project of the Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health. Retrieved from: http://www.kidsdata.org/data/topic/table/child-population-race.aspx
From 1995 to 2010, the birth rate per 1,000 women ages 15-44 declined in California and most counties. While the total number of children in California increased between 1995 and 2004, the numbers have been declining since then. Children ages 0-17 comprise about a quarter of the state's population; this has decreased from 28.4% in 1995. More than one-fourth (26%) of California's 9.3 million children lived in Los Angeles County in 2011. Orange and San Diego counties had the next largest child populations.
Latino children make up the largest racial/ethnic group among the
state’s child population. In 2010, 51.6% of California children were
Latino/Hispanic (up from 44.3% in 2000), and 27.3% were white (down from
35.0% in 2000). About 11% of California children were Asian American,
5.7% were African American/Black, 3.8% were Multiracial, 0.4% were
American Indian, and 0.4% were Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander in 2010.
Since 1994, the racial/ethnic makeup of the public school population in
California has changed. Consistent with child population trends at the
state level, African American/Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and
white student representation has been declining, while Hispanic/Latino student representation has been steadily
increasing. Between 1994 and 2012, Filipino, Native
Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and Asian/Asian American student representation remained relatively